The ecology division has a long history of basic and applied research ranging from insects to large mammals. The research has today two main directions. One focus is on evolutionary ecology on mainly life history of insects with for example research on the ecology of butterflies. The second direction concerns the conservation ecology of mainly terrestrial vertebrates, typically exemplified in the Arctic fox project. However, there are big overlaps between these approaches with much fruitful collaboration with scientists from the other divisions and from other universities. At present there are four full professors, one lecturer, four scientists, eight post docs and nine PhD students. There are also a number of master students affiliated with the ecology division.