Carl Gotthard

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Carl Gotthard

Researcher, Associate Professor

Evolutionary Ecology

Contact

Division:
Zoologiska institutionen: Ekologi
Phone:
+46 8 16 40 48
Email:
karl.gotthard@zoologi.su.se
Personal web site:
http://www.zoologi.su.se/research/gotthard
ORCID iD:
orcid.org/0000-0002-4560-6271
Fax:
+46 8 15 95 22
Visiting address:
Svante Arrheniusväg 18 B
Room:
D 545
Postal address:
Stockholm University
Zoologiska institutionen: Ekologi
106 91 Stockholm

Research interests

In my group we are exploring the evolutionary ecology of developmental plasticity and life history in insects, primarily butterflies. We are particularly interested in how the diapause decision affects life cycle regulation and to what degree it allows the evolution of partly independent developmental pathways. We are studying this in several different butterfly species using a wide range of methods from field experiment to genomics.

Publications

Refereed

Sandra Stålhandske, Karl Gotthard, Olof Leimar. 2017. Winter chilling speeds spring development of temperate butterflies. Journal of Animal Ecology 86: 718-729.

Philipp Lehmann, Sören Nylin, Karl Gotthard, Mikael A. Carlsson. 2017. Idiosyncratic development of sensory structures in brains of diapausing butterfly pupae - implications for information processing. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 284.

Philipp Lehmann, Wouter Van der Bijl, Sören Nylin, Christopher W. Wheat, Karl Gotthard. 2017. Timing of diapause termination in relation to variation in winter climate. Physiological entomology (Print) 42: 232-238.

Peter Pruisscher, Helena Larsdotter-Mellström, Constantí Stefanescu, Sören Nylin, Christopher W. Wheat, Karl Gotthard. 2017. Sex-linked inheritance of diapause induction in the butterfly Pieris napi. Physiological entomology (Print) 42: 257-265.

Sami M. Kivelä, Magne Friberg, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard. 2017. Adaptive developmental plasticity in a butterfly - mechanisms for size and time at pupation differ between diapause and direct development. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 122: 46-57.

Sami M. Kivelä, Magne Friberg, Christer Wiklund, Olof Leimar, Karl Gotthard. 2016. Towards a mechanistic understanding of insect life history evolution - oxygen-dependent induction of moulting explains moulting sizes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 117: 586-600.

Tenna Toftegaard, Diana Posledovich, José A. Navarro-Cano, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard, Johan Ehrlén. 2016. Variation in plant thermal reaction norms along a latitudinal gradient - more than adaptation to season length. Oikos 125: 622-628.

Sami M. Kivelä, Panu Välimäki, Karl Gotthard. 2016. Evolution of alternative insect life histories in stochastic seasonal environments. Ecology and Evolution 6: 5596-5613.

Philipp Lehmann, Peter Pruisscher, Diana Posledovich, Mikael Carlsson, Reijo Käkelä, Patrik Tang, Sören Nylin, Christopher W. Wheat, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard. 2016. Energy and lipid metabolism during direct and diapause development in a pierid butterfly. Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 3049-3060.

Sami M. Kivela, Philipp Lehmann, Karl Gotthard. 2016. Do respiratory limitations affect metabolism of insect larvae before moulting? An empirical test at the individual level. Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 3061-3071.

Sandra Stålhandske, Martin Olofsson, Karl Gotthard, Johan Ehrlén, Christer Wiklund, Olof Leimar. 2016. Phenological matching rather than genetic variation in host preference underlies geographical variation in host plants used by the orange tip butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 119: 1060-1067.

Hans Van Dyck, Dries Bonte, Rik Puls, Karl Gotthard, Dirk Maes. 2015. The lost generation hypothesis - could climate change drive ectotherms into a developmental trap? Oikos 124: 54-61.

Diana Posledovich, Tenna Toftegaard, Christer Wiklund, Johan Ehrlén, Karl Gotthard. 2015. Latitudinal variation in diapause duration and post-winter development in two pierid butterflies in relation to phenological specialization. Oecologia 177: 181-190.

Inger M. Aalberg Haugen, Karl Gotthard. 2015. Diapause induction and relaxed selection on alternative developmental pathways in a butterfly. Journal of Animal Ecology 84: 464-472.

Jose A. Navarro-Cano, Bengt Karlsson, Diana Posledovich, Tenna Toftegaard, Christer Wiklund, Johan Ehrlén, Karl Gotthard. 2015. Climate change, phenology, and butterfly host plant utilization. Ambio 44: S78-S88.

Diana Posledovich, Tenna Toftegaard, Christer Wiklund, Johan Ehrlén, Karl Gotthard. 2015. The developmental race between maturing host plants and their butterfly herbivore – the influence of phenological matching and temperature. Journal of Animal Ecology 84: 1690-1699.

Sami M. Kivelä, Beatrice Svensson, Alma Tiwe, Karl Gotthard. 2015. Thermal plasticity of growth and development varies adaptively among alternative developmental pathways. Evolution 69: 2399-2413.

Diana Posledovich, Tenna Toftegaard, Jose A. Navarro-Cano, Christer Wiklund, Johan Ehrlén, Karl Gotthard. 2014. Latitudinal variation in thermal reaction norms of post-winter pupal development in two butterflies differing in phenological specialization. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 113: 981-991.

Sandra Stålhandske, Karl Gotthard, Diana Posledovich, Olof Leimar. 2014. Variation in two phases of post-winter development of a butterfly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27: 2644-2653.

Jean-Luc Tison, Veronica Nyström Edmark, Edson Sandoval-Castellanos, Hans Van Dyck, Toomas Tammaru, Panu Valimäki, Love Dalén, Karl Gotthard. 2014. Signature of post-glacial expansion and genetic structure at the northern range limit of the speckled wood butterfly. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 113: 136-148.

Sami M. Kivela, Panu Valimaki, Karl Gotthard. 2013. SEASONALITY MAINTAINS ALTERNATIVE LIFE-HISTORY PHENOTYPES. Evolution 67: 3145-3160.

Ly Lindman, Britta Johansson, Karl Gotthard, Toomas Tammaru. 2013. Host plant relationships of an endangered butterfly, Lopinga achine (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in northern Europe -  . Journal of Insect Conservation 17: 375-383.

David Berger, Martin Olofsson, Magne Friberg, Bengt Karlsson, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard. 2012. Intraspecific variation in body size and the rate of reproduction in female insects- adaptive allometry or biophysical constraint? Journal of Animal Ecology 81: 1244-1258.

David Berger, Martin Olofsson, Karl Gotthard, Christer Wiklund, Magne Friberg. 2012. Ecological Constraints on Female Fitness in a Phytophagous Insect. American Naturalist 180: 464-480.

Laurent Chauvaud, Yann Patry, Aurelie Jolivet, Emmanuelle Cam, Clement Le Goff, Oivind Strand, Gregory Charrier, Julien Thebault, Pascal Lazure, Karl Gotthard, Jacques Clavier. 2012. Variation in size and growth of the great scallop pecten maximus along a latitudinal gradient. PLoS ONE 7: e37717.

Inger M. Aalberg Haugen, David Berger, Karl Gotthard. 2012. The evolution of alternative developmental pathways - footprints of selection on life-history traits in a butterfly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25: 1377-1388.

Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Martin Konvicka, Toomas Tammaru, Niklas Wahlberg, Karl Gotthard. 2012. Phylogeography of the threatened butterfly, the woodland brown Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae Satyrinae) -  implications for conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation 16: 305-313.

Kristin Löwenborg, Karl Gotthard, Mattias Hagman. 2012. How a thermal dichotomy in nesting environments influences offspring of the world's most northerly oviparous snake, Natrix natrix (Colubridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107: 833-844.

Martin Bergman, Karl Gotthard, Christer Wiklund. 2011. Mate acquisition by females in a butterfly - the effects of mating status and age on female mate-locating behaviour. Animal Behaviour 81: 225-229.

David Berger, Magne Friberg, Karl Gotthard. 2011. Divergence and ontogenetic coupling of larval behaviour and thermal reaction norms in three closely related butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 278: 313-320.

Magne Friberg, Inger M. Aalberg Haugen, Josefin Dahlerus, Karl Gotthard, Christer Wiklund. 2011. Asymmetric life-history decision-making in butterfly larvae. Oecologia 165: 301-310.

Karl Gotthard, David Berger. 2010. The diapause decision as a cascade switch for adaptive developmental plasticity in body mass in a butterfly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 1129-37.

Karl Gotthard, David Berger, Martin Bergman, Sami Merilata. 2009. The evolution of alternative morphs: density-dependent determination of larval colour dimorphism in a butterfly. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98: 256-266.

David Berger, Karl Gotthard. 2008. Time stress, predation risk and diurnal-nocturnal foraging trade-offs in larval prey. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62: 1655-1663.

Karl Gotthard. 2008. Adaptive growth decisions in butterflies. Bioscience 58: 222-230.

David Berger, Richard Walters, Karl Gotthard. 2008. What limits insect fecundity? Body size- and temperature-dependent egg maturation and oviposition in a butterfly. Functional Ecology 22: 523-529.

Martin Bergman, Karl Gotthard, David Berger, Martin Olofsson, Darrell Kemp, Christer Wiklund. 2007. Mating success of resident versus non-resident males in a territorial butterfly. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 274: 1659-1665.

K. Gotthard, D. Berger, R Walters. 2007. What keeps insects small? - Time limitation during oviposition reduces the fecundity benefit of female size in a butterfly. American naturalist 169: 768-779.

David Berger, Richard Walters, Karl Gotthard. 2006. What keeps insects small? - Size dependent predation on two species of butterfly larvae. Evolutionary Ecology 20: 575-589.

Darrell Kemp, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard. 2006. Life history effects upon contest behaviour: Age as a predictor of territorial contest dynamics in two populations of the speckled wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria L. Ethology 112: 471-477.

Karl Gotthard, Sören Nylin, Christer Wiklund. 2000. Individual state controls temperature dependence in a butterfly (Lasiommata maera). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 267: 589-93.

Other academic

Christer Björkman, Karl Gotthard, Mats Pettersson. 2009. Body Size. In Encyclopedia of Insects, pp. 114-116. Elsevier/Academic Press, Amsterdam.

Inger M. Aalberg Haugen, Karl Gotthard. The development and expression of seasonal polyphenism in life-history traits in the butterfly Pararge aegeria.

Inger M. Aalberg Haugen, Karl Gotthard. Latitudinal phenological adaptation - diapause induction and differentiation between alternative developmental pathways in a butterfly.

Diana Posledovich, Tenna Toftegaard, Christer Wiklund, Johan Ehrlén, Karl Gotthard. Weak effect of spring temperatures on phenological synchrony between herbivore emergence and host plant suitability.

Tenna Toftegaard, Diana Posledovich, José Antonio Navarro-Cano, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard, Johan Ehrlén. Effect of spring temperature on flower development differs among closely related plants.

Tenna Toftegaard, Diana Posledovich, Malin A. E. König, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard, Johan Ehrlén. Linking small-scale temperature variations to plant phenology and plant-herbivore interactions.

Tenna Toftegaard, Diana Posledovich, José Antonio Navarro-Cano, Christer Wiklund, Karl Gotthard, Johan Ehrlén. Timing of a butterfly influences host plant species use and the relationship between plant phenology and butterfly attack.

Sandra Stålhandske, Karl Gotthard, Olof Leimar. Spring warmth and winter chilling have contrasting effects on spring phenology of pupal-overwintering butterflies.